The History of Sociological Research on Occupations and Professions in the USSR 1960-80s: Ideological Frameworks and Analytical Resources

24 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2014

See all articles by Roman Abramov

Roman Abramov

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: April 28, 2014

Abstract

The article analyzes of the content and context of research on occupations and professions in Soviet sociology from 1960 to the 1980s. It describes the key topics of observations of professional groups, gives definitions of occupations and professions in Soviet social sciences, and analyzes ideological and censorship restrictions for research and publishing. Sociology of occupations and professions as a separate disciplinary field appeared in Russia only in the late 1990s. Before this time, these topics were integrated into social structure and social stratification observations, research of the working class, intelligentsia, industrial sociology and sociology of organizations. From the 1960s Soviet sociologists searched for new explanatory models and they decided that socio-professional groups were the best criterion for a Soviet social structure description. During 1970-80s researchers of Soviet social structures debated about the place of professional groups. This article analyzes these and other features of sociology of occupations and professions in the USSR. The analysis is based on the bibliographical observations and interviews with Soviet sociologists. This project was supported by Science Foundation of NRU HSE.

Keywords: professions, history of sociology, occupations, soviet sociology, USSR

JEL Classification: B240

Suggested Citation

Abramov, Roman, The History of Sociological Research on Occupations and Professions in the USSR 1960-80s: Ideological Frameworks and Analytical Resources (April 28, 2014). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 40/SOC/2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2430178 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2430178

Roman Abramov (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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