Public Water Supply and Individual Water Handling: Perceived Substitutes and Revealed Complements

Posted: 29 Apr 2014

See all articles by Elena Gross

Elena Gross

University of Bayreuth Chair Development Economics and BIGSAS

Isabel Günther

ETH Zürich - Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences (GESS)

Youdi Schipper

Twaweza; Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development; VU University Amsterdam

Date Written: April 29, 2014

Abstract

We analyze the impact of community water supply and individual water handling on water quality and health, applying a difference-in-difference analysis in combination with a randomized control trial in rural Benin. We find that households perceive improved water supply and improved water handling as substitutes to achieve high water quality, i.e. the propensity of households to engage in improved water handling decreases with the installation of modern public water technologies. The revealed effects are complementary, i.e. only in combination with improved water handling does improved water supply lead to a decrease in E.coli contamination of the water consumed in the household (- 89 percent) and a decrease in diarrheal incidence among children (-20 percent).

Keywords: Water Supply, Water Handling, Health, Water Quality, RCT, Diff-in-Diff

JEL Classification: I15, I38, D12

Suggested Citation

Gross, Elena and Günther, Isabel and Schipper, Youdi, Public Water Supply and Individual Water Handling: Perceived Substitutes and Revealed Complements (April 29, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2430577

Elena Gross (Contact Author)

University of Bayreuth Chair Development Economics and BIGSAS ( email )

Universitätsstraße 30
Bayreuth, 95447
Germany

Isabel Günther

ETH Zürich - Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences (GESS) ( email )

ETH-Zentrum SEW E 26
CH-8092 Zurich, Zurich 8006
Switzerland

Youdi Schipper

Twaweza ( email )

127 Mafinga Road
P.O. Box 38342
Dar es Salaam
Tanzania

Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development ( email )

AHTC, Tower C4, Paasheuvelweg 25
Amsterdam, 1105 BP
Netherlands

VU University Amsterdam ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081 HV
Netherlands

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