Women Empowerment Through Decision Making
Yogendrarajah, Rathiranee, (2013), Women Empowerment through Decision Making, The International Journal of Economics and Business Management, Volume 3, Issue 1, December 2013 EAST Publications, ISSN 2250 - 2750.
9 Pages Posted: 3 May 2014
Date Written: 2013
Women empowerment is giving legitimate power or authority to perform the tasks. If women were empowered they would be able to participate in the planning and decision making task and contribute to the development programmes and activities individually. This study focuses on women empowerment through decision making authority at household level. The male headed household in Sri Lanka is the norm, and it is not accepted culturally to be female headed household. The concept of the head of the husband is not defined in anywhere. Further in the census record, ration card and other family survey reports also the name of the male has been given under head of the household and it is obviously stated that he is the breadwinner and the chief decision maker. In some cases where the wife is the breadwinner but the husband is the decision maker. The prime objective of this study is to examine the women empowerment through decision making power at house hold level. It has been assumed that there is a positive relationship between women empowerment and decision making at household level. Both quantitative and qualitative data have been used to obtain reliable data. Data were derived from a questionnaire survey of sample 94 women in three Divisional Secretariat Divisions. In addition to this, three focus group discussions were conducted involving 18 women while in-depth interviews were carried out with another 12. The data have been collected 66 out of 94 regarding the decision making power on income, saving, expenditure and children education and marriage decisions etc., The correlation and ANOVA test have been used to analyse the data to find out the relationship and significant differences using SPSS software package. The study recognizes that there is a strong relationship between decision making authority and women empowerment. However women are not allowed to take the decisions at household level due to the cultural norms and other personal issues.
Keywords: Decision Making, Women Empowerment and household level.
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