Gender Differences in Shirking: Monitoring or Social Preferences? Evidence from a Field Experiment

29 Pages Posted: 3 May 2014

See all articles by Per Johansson

Per Johansson

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation; Uppsala University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Arizo Karimi

Uppsala University; IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation

Peter Nilsson

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation; Uppsala University

Abstract

This paper studies gender differences in the extent to which social preferences affect workers' shirking decisions. Using exogenous variation in work absence induced by a randomized field experiment that increased treated workers' absence, we find that also non-treated workers increased their absence as a response. Furthermore, we find that male workers react more strongly to decreased monitoring, but no significant gender difference in the extent to which workers are influenced by peers. However, our results suggest significant heterogeneity in the degree of influence that male and female workers exert on each other: conditional on the potential exposure to same-sex co-workers, men are only affected by their male peers, and women are only affected by their female peers.

Keywords: peer effects, employer-employee data, social preferences, randomized field experiment

JEL Classification: C23, C93, J24

Suggested Citation

Johansson, Per and Karimi, Arizo and Nilsson, Peter, Gender Differences in Shirking: Monitoring or Social Preferences? Evidence from a Field Experiment. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8133. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2432397

Per Johansson (Contact Author)

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation ( email )

Box 513
751 20 Uppsala
Sweden
+ 46 18 471 70 86 (Phone)
+ 46 18 471 70 71 (Fax)

Uppsala University - Department of Economics ( email )

Uppsala, 751 20
Sweden

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Arizo Karimi

Uppsala University ( email )

Box 513
Uppsala, 751 20
Sweden

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation ( email )

Box 513
751 20 Uppsala
Sweden

Peter Nilsson

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation ( email )

Box 513
751 20 Uppsala
Sweden

Uppsala University

Box 513
Uppsala, 751 20
Sweden

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