Gender Gaps and the Rise of the Service Economy
48 Pages Posted: 3 May 2014
This paper investigates the role of the rise of services in the narrowing of gender gaps in hours and wages in recent decades. We document the between-industry component of the rise in female work for the U.S., and propose a model economy with goods, services and home production, in which women have a comparative advantage in producing market and home services. The rise of services, driven by structural transformation and marketization of home production, acts as a gender-biased demand shift raising women's relative wages and market hours. Quantitatively, the model accounts for an important share of the observed trends.
Keywords: gender gaps, structural transformation, marketization
JEL Classification: E24, J22, J16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation