Search-Based Endogenous Asset Liquidity and the Macroeconomy

48 Pages Posted: 7 May 2014 Last revised: 1 May 2019

See all articles by Wei Cui

Wei Cui

University College London

Soeren Radde

Goldman Sachs - Goldman Sachs

Date Written: March 10, 2019


We develop a search-theory of asset liquidity which gives rise to endogenous financing constraints on investment in an otherwise standard dynamic general equilibrium model. Asset liquidity describes the ease of issuance and resaleability of private financial claims, which is the outcome of a costly search-and-matching process for such claims implemented by financial intermediaries. Limited liquidity of private claims creates a role for liquid assets, such as government bonds, to ease financing constraints. We show that endogenising liquidity is essential to generate positive co-movement between asset liquidity and asset prices. When the cost of intermediating funds to entrepreneurs rises, investment and output fall while the hedging value of liquid assets increases, driving up liquidity premia. In the U.S., such intermediation cost shocks can account for about 37% of the variation in output, and more than 78% of the variation in liquidity premia.

Keywords: endogenous asset liquidity, search frictions

JEL Classification: E22, E44, E58

Suggested Citation

Cui, Wei and Radde, Soeren, Search-Based Endogenous Asset Liquidity and the Macroeconomy (March 10, 2019). Available at SSRN: or

Wei Cui (Contact Author)

University College London ( email )

Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

Soeren Radde

Goldman Sachs - Goldman Sachs ( email )

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