A Framework for Policy Crowdsourcing
Prpić, J., Taeihagh, A., & Melton, J. (2014). A Framework for Policy Crowdsourcing. Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - IPP 2014 - Crowdsourcing for Politics and Policy.
16 Pages Posted: 6 May 2014 Last revised: 17 Dec 2015
Date Written: May 5, 2014
What is the state of the literature in respect to Crowdsourcing for policy making? This work attempts to answer this question by collecting, categorizing, and situating the extant research investigating Crowdsourcing for policy, within the broader Crowdsourcing literature. To do so, the work first extends the Crowdsourcing literature by introducing, defining, explaining, and using seven universal characteristics of all general Crowdsourcing techniques, to vividly draw-out the relative trade-offs of each mode of Crowdsourcing. From this beginning, the work systematically and explicitly weds the three types of Crowdsourcing to the stages of the Policy cycle as a method of situating the extant literature spanning both domains. Thereafter, we discuss the trends, highlighting the research gaps, and outline the overlaps in the research on Crowdsourcing for policy, stemming from our analysis.
Keywords: Crowdsourcing, Policy Cycle, Virtual Labor Markets, Open Collaboration, Tournament-Based Collaboration, Agenda Setting, Problem Definition, Policy Design, Policy Implementation, Policy Enforcement, Policy Evaluation
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