Testing the Diagonality of a Large Covariance Matrix in a Regression Setting
35 Pages Posted: 14 May 2014
Date Written: May 7, 2014
In multivariate analysis, the covariance matrix associated with a set of variables of interest (namely response variables) commonly contains valuable information about the dataset. When the dimension of response variables is considerably larger than the sample size, it is a non-trivial task to assess whether they are linear relationships between the variables. It is even more challenging to determine whether a set of explanatory variables can explain those relationships. To this end, we develop a bias-corrected test to examine the significance of the off-diagonal elements of the residual covariance matrix after adjusting for the contribution from explanatory variables. We show that the resulting test is asymptotically normal. Monte Carlo studies and a numerical example are presented to illustrate the performance of the proposed test.
Keywords: Bias-Corrected Test; Covariance; Diagonality Test; High Dimensional Data; Multivariate Analysis
JEL Classification: C51, C52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation