The Law Is Nine-Tenths of Possession: An Adage Turned on Its Head
Carol M. Rose
University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law
May 7, 2014
Law and Economics of Possession 40 (Yun-chien Chang ed., 2015).
Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 14-13
This chapter explores the adage that "possession is nine-tenths of the law." At face value, the adage would have it that the law of property follows from the facts on the ground - implicitly, the results of superior power, as in a game of Hawk/Dove or Chicken, where one party defers and the other takes the prize. Courts have distanced themselves from this view, however, and for good reason. It is only in times and places where the law has little force or none at all that possession flows simply from superior force. On closer examination of the legal meaning of possession - especially in two areas where possession supposedly matters, first possession and adverse possession - it emerges that for legal purposes, "possession" generally means acting the way an owner would. Thus for legal purposes, legality, or at least the appearance of legality, determines the meaning of possession, rather than the other way around.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 28
Keywords: possession, nine-tenths of the law, rule of law, hawk-dove game, chicken game, acting like an owner
Date posted: May 12, 2014 ; Last revised: August 24, 2016