Impact of Climate Change on Indian Agriculture
8 Pages Posted: 12 May 2014
Date Written: May 12, 2014
Climate change is, in theory, the perfect topic for global discussion. It is a growing global problem and concern, calling for concerted efforts by the developed as well as developing countries. The chief factor that is responsible for the climate change is the "greenhouse effect". The extra greenhouse gases (GHG) – India ranking 4th in GHG emission – which we have released – are responsible for the strongest threat namely the "global warming". Global warming is projected to have far-reaching and intense impacts on conditions affecting agriculture, including temperature, carbon dioxide, glacial run-off, precipitation and the interaction of these elements. Already the effects are visible, making many people, especially those dependent on agriculture, vulnerable. Concerns about the impact of climate change on agriculture connected with environmental problems are among the major developmental issues in India today. The Gangotri glacier is already retreating at a rate of 30 metres a year. An increase in rainfall is simulated over the eastern region of India but the north-western deserts may see a small decrease in the absolute amount of rainfall. Diseases for human, crops and animals are on the rise. There is risk of continuous fall in productivity and production. Climate change and vulnerability have physical, financial and ethical implications. Sustainable development needs climate stabilisation. The objectives of this paper are – one to analyse the impact of climate change on Indian agriculture, and two, to suggest strategies and actions to mitigate the problem and the challenges ahead. Our emphasis is on civic response that combines international policy agreements with autonomous and local efforts in keeping with geo-political and economic conditions. It seeks to integrate knowledge (including research) and action for and by the people at the levels of farming as well as framing polices.
Keywords: Agriculture, civic response, climate change, global warming, vulnerability
JEL Classification: F18, O13, Q18, Q54, Q56
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation