A Global Assessment of Human Capital Mobility: The Role of Non-Oecd Destinations

63 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Erhan Artuc

Erhan Artuc

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Frédéric Docquier

Université catholique de Louvain; CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Caglar Ozden

World Bank - Research Department

Christopher Parsons

University of Oxford; International Migration Institute

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 1, 2014

Abstract

Discussions of high-skilled mobility typically evoke migration patterns from poorer to wealthier countries, which ignore movements to and between developing countries. This paper presents, for the first time, a global overview of human capital mobility through bilateral migration stocks by gender and education in 1990 and 2000, and calculation of nuanced brain drain indicators. Building on newly collated data, the paper uses a novel estimation procedure based on a pseudo-gravity model, then identifies key determinants of international migration, and subsequently uses estimated parameters to impute missing data. Non-OECD destinations account for one-third of skilled-migration, while OECD destinations are declining in relative importance.

Keywords: Population Policies, International Migration, Gender and Development, Human Migrations & Resettlements, Voluntary and Involuntary Resettlement

Suggested Citation

Artuc, Erhan and Docquier, Frédéric and Özden, Çaglar and Parsons, Christopher, A Global Assessment of Human Capital Mobility: The Role of Non-Oecd Destinations (May 1, 2014). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6863. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2436658

Erhan Artuc

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Frédéric Docquier (Contact Author)

Université catholique de Louvain ( email )

IRES
Place Montesquieu 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://https://perso.uclouvain.be/frederic.docquier/

CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK

University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Çaglar Özden

World Bank - Research Department ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/cozden

Christopher Parsons

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

International Migration Institute ( email )

3 Mansfield Road
Oxford, OX1 3TB
United Kingdom

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