Resource Concentration and Civil Wars

43 Pages Posted: 19 May 2014

Date Written: May 2014


This paper highlights the importance of natural resource concentration and ethnic group regional concentration for ethnic conflict. A new type of bargaining failure due to multiple types of potential conflicts (and hence multiple threat points) is identified. The theory predicts war to be more likely when resource and group concentration are high, and the empirical analysis, both at the country level and at the ethnic group level, confirms the essential role of geographic concentration variables for civil war.

Suggested Citation

Morelli, Massimo and Rohner, Dominic, Resource Concentration and Civil Wars (May 2014). NBER Working Paper No. w20129, Available at SSRN:

Massimo Morelli (Contact Author)

Bocconi University ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan, 20136

Dominic Rohner

University of Zurich ( email )

Muehlebachstrasse 86
Zurich, 8008

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