Retuning Gideon's Trumpet: Retelling the Story in the Context of Today's Criminal Justice Crisis

17 Pages Posted: 22 May 2014

See all articles by Jonathan Rapping

Jonathan Rapping

Atlanta's John Marshall Law School

Date Written: May 20, 2014


The Gideon Court recognized a truism: until we ensure that poor people have access to the same quality of counsel that people with means can pay for, we cannot have equal justice. But fifty years later, the promise of equal justice has not materialized. In so many ways, our criminal justice system is less fair; less equal; less humane. Since Gideon was decided, the U.S. imprisonment rate has nearly quadrupled, and the percentage of people charged with crimes who are poor has roughly doubled. As compared to 1963, poor people today are more likely to be arrested, convicted, and sentenced to lengthier prison terms than their wealthier counterparts.

Given these depressing developments, some have questioned whether the right to counsel has made much of a difference for indigent defendants and whether it is even worth defending as a force to end the injustices of the system. This Essay takes a different view of the problem and argues that a strong public defender system is necessary to achieve systemic reform. This is so both because of the role the public defender plays in interrupting a process that is increasingly designed to convict and punish poor people en masse, and because of the potential of a strong community of public defenders to galvanize the movement needed to push for important policy reform.

Suggested Citation

Rapping, Jonathan, Retuning Gideon's Trumpet: Retelling the Story in the Context of Today's Criminal Justice Crisis (May 20, 2014). Texas Law Review, Vol. 92, No. 1225, 2014. Available at SSRN:

Jonathan Rapping (Contact Author)

Atlanta's John Marshall Law School ( email )

1422 West Peachtree Street, NW
Atlanta, GA 30331
United States

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