What Drives Academic Data Sharing?

38 Pages Posted: 22 May 2014

See all articles by Benedikt Fecher

Benedikt Fecher

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Sascha Friesike

Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society

Marcel Hebing

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Date Written: May 2014

Abstract

Despite widespread support from policy makers, funding agencies, and scientific journals, academic researchers rarely make their research data available to others. At the same time, data sharing in research is attributed a vast potential for scientific progress. It allows the reproducibility of study results and the reuse of old data for new research questions. Based on a systematic review of 98 scholarly papers and an empirical survey among 603 secondary data users, we develop a conceptual framework that explains the process of data sharing from the primary researcher’s point of view. We show that this process can be divided into six descriptive categories: Data donor, research organization, research community, norms, data infrastructure, and data recipients. Drawing from our findings, we discuss theoretical implications regarding knowledge creation and dissemination as well as research policy measures to foster academic collaboration. We conclude that research data cannot be regarded a knowledge commons, but research policies that better incentivize data sharing are needed to improve the quality of research results and foster scientific progress.

Keywords: Data Sharing, Academia, Systematic Review, Research Policy, Knowledge Commons, Crowd Science, Commonsbased Peer Production, SOEP

JEL Classification: C81, C82, D02, H41, L17, Z13

Suggested Citation

Fecher, Benedikt and Friesike, Sascha and Hebing, Marcel, What Drives Academic Data Sharing? (May 2014). SOEPpaper No. 655, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2439645 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2439645

Benedikt Fecher (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Sascha Friesike

Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society ( email )

Bebelplatz 1 | 10099
Berlin
Germany

Marcel Hebing

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

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