Migration and Health Outcomes of Left-Behind Elderly in Rural China

34 Pages Posted: 23 May 2014

See all articles by Chun-Wing Tse

Chun-Wing Tse

Central University of Finance and Economics

Date Written: December 2, 2013

Abstract

This paper examines whether migration of adult children adversely affects the health of the left-behind elderly in rural China. Establishing causal effect is complicated by the fact that there may be unobserved factors influencing both child migration and health of the elderly. I address this endogeneity by using instrumental variable method. The findings show that child migration reduces the health of the elderly, with both physical health and mental health deteriorating with migration of adult children. Parents of migrant children also have poor memory and they are more likely to suffer serious fall. Furthermore, migration of both sons and daughters reduce parental health, with the effects of daughter migration being greater.

Keywords: Migration, Left-Behind Elderly, Health

JEL Classification: J14, O15, D13, I12, R23

Suggested Citation

Tse, Chun-Wing, Migration and Health Outcomes of Left-Behind Elderly in Rural China (December 2, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2440403 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2440403

Chun-Wing Tse (Contact Author)

Central University of Finance and Economics ( email )

Room 609 Academic Hall
39 South College Road
Beijing, 100081
China

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