Alcohol Exposure in Utero and Child Academic Achievement

34 Pages Posted: 23 May 2014

See all articles by Stephanie von Hinke Kessler Scholder

Stephanie von Hinke Kessler Scholder

University of Bristol

George Wehby

University of Iowa

Sarah Lewis

University of Bristol, Population Health Sciences, Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit

Luisa Zuccolo

University of Bristol - MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 2014

Abstract

We examine the effect of prenatal alcohol exposure on child academic achievement. We use a genetic variant in the maternal alcohol‐metabolism gene ADH1B to instrument for alcohol exposure, whilst controlling for the child's genotype on the same variant. We show that the instrument is unrelated to an extensive range of parental characteristics and behaviour. OLS regressions suggest an ambiguous association between alcohol exposure and attainment but there is a strong social gradient in drinking, with mothers in higher socio‐economic groups more likely to drink. In contrast to the OLS, the IV estimates show clear negative effects of prenatal alcohol exposure.

Suggested Citation

von Hinke Kessler Scholder, Stephanie and Wehby, George and Lewis, Sarah and Zuccolo, Luisa, Alcohol Exposure in Utero and Child Academic Achievement (May 2014). The Economic Journal, Vol. 124, Issue 576, pp. 634-667, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2441397 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12144

Stephanie Von Hinke Kessler Scholder (Contact Author)

University of Bristol ( email )

8 Woodland Road
Bristol, BS8 1TN
United Kingdom

George Wehby

University of Iowa ( email )

Sarah Lewis

University of Bristol, Population Health Sciences, Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit ( email )

Bristol
United Kingdom

Luisa Zuccolo

University of Bristol - MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit ( email )

Bristol
United Kingdom

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