Did Saving Wall Street Really Save Main Street? The Real Effects of TARP on Local Economic Conditions
77 Pages Posted: 27 May 2014 Last revised: 9 Feb 2016
Date Written: January 29, 2016
We investigate whether saving Wall Street through the Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP) really saved Main Street during the recent financial crisis. Our difference-in-difference analysis suggests that TARP statistically and economically significantly increased net job creation and net hiring establishments and decreased business and personal bankruptcies. The results are robust, including accounting for endogeneity. The main mechanisms driving the results appear to be increases in commercial real estate lending and off-balance sheet real estate guarantees. These results suggest that saving Wall Street via TARP may have helped save Main Street, complementing the TARP literature and contributing to the cost-benefit debate.
Keywords: TARP, Banks, Capital Support, Economic Conditions
JEL Classification: G18, G21, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation