A Medico-Legal Perspective on the Practice of Garrotting
Yitna, YG & Le Roux-Kemp, A "A Medico-Legal Perspective on the Practice of Garrotting" Medico-Legal Journal (2011) Vol 79(1) 15-25.
11 Pages Posted: 28 May 2014
Date Written: May 27, 2010
The aim of this article is to provide some insight into the method and manifestations of garrotting as a particular form of ligature strangulation and asphyxiation. Starting with the history of this gruesome activity and the technique, the act and the instruments employed and the development and transformation of this practice in different countries and in particular in Spain, where the practice was widely used – if not actually originating there – and India, Latin America and the UK. In light of their historical significance, specific reference is made to the thuggees of India and the “London Garrotting Panics” at the beginning of the 19th century. The subsequent discussion focus on present manifestations of garrotting as a form of ligature strangulation and reference is made to relevant practical, investigative and medico-legal considerations in handling cases of this nature, and observations pertaining to offender characteristics.
Keywords: Garrotting; Ligature Strangulation; Asphyxiation; Medico-Legal
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