Calculating the Optimal Small Business Exemption Threshold for a U.S. VAT
71 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2014 Last revised: 16 Jan 2015
Date Written: May 30, 2014
Most countries with a VAT have a tax exemption for small businesses that have taxable sales below a certain threshold. The exemption reduces both the compliance costs for small businesses and the administrative costs for the government. We use a static analysis of the U.S. economy to determine the optimal level of taxable sales for this threshold and analyze the potential behavioral response by businesses. For a 10 percent VAT rate, we find that the optimal level for the threshold in the United States is $200,000, and that behavioral responses may be significant close to the threshold.
Keywords: VAT, small business, threshold
JEL Classification: H21, H25
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation