Consequences of ADHD Medication Use for Children's Outcomes

45 Pages Posted: 31 May 2014

See all articles by Søren Dalsgaard

Søren Dalsgaard

Aarhus University - National Centre for Register-Based Research

Helena Skyt Nielsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business

Abstract

This paper estimates effects of early ADHD medication use on key human capital outcomes for children diagnosed with ADHD while using rarely available register based data on diagnoses and prescription drug purchases. Our main identification strategy exploits plausible exogenous assignment of children to hospitals with specialist physicians, while our analysis of health outcomes also allows for an individual level panel data strategy. We find that the behavior of specialist physicians varies considerably across hospitals and that the prescribing behavior does affect the probability that a given child is treated. Results show that children diagnosed with ADHD in pharmacological treatment have fewer hospital contacts if treated and that treatment to some extent protects against criminal behavior.

Keywords: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, treatment, hospital variation, health, crime

JEL Classification: I11, I12

Suggested Citation

Dalsgaard, Søren and Nielsen, Helena Skyt and Simonsen, Marianne, Consequences of ADHD Medication Use for Children's Outcomes. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8208, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2444072

Søren Dalsgaard (Contact Author)

Aarhus University - National Centre for Register-Based Research

8000 Århus C, 8210
Denmark

Helena Skyt Nielsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Fuglesangs Alle 4
Aarhus, 8210
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://person.au.dk/hnielsen@econ.au.dk

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Building 326
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark
+45 8942 1599 (Phone)

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