The Evolution of Iranian Islamism from the Revolution Through the Contemporary Reformers

52 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2014

Date Written: 2002

Abstract

This Note explores the evolution and maturation of Iranian Islamism from the revolutionary elites through the contemporary reformers of the 21st century. The Author examines the conflicting ideological influences that are shaping the Islamist movement in Iran. This Note begins by presenting the framework of the fundamental contradictions that underlie Iranian Islamist ideology. The analysis of the Iranian Constitution is divided into an exploration of the institutional role of the clerical elites in the form of the faqih and the Council of Guardians, the constitutionally defined role of women, the democratic elements in the Iranian Constitution, and Marxism and environmentalism in the Constitution. The Note then addresses the maturation of the Iranian Islamist movement including attempts to reinvigorate the power of the conservatives beyond Khomeini, the election to Khatami, the womenÂ’s rights movement, the philosophy of democratic Islamism, and the clerical backlash against the reform movement.

Keywords: Islamism, Iran, Iranian Constitution, Law and Religion, Religion, Comparative Constitutional Law

Suggested Citation

Usman, Jeffrey Omar, The Evolution of Iranian Islamism from the Revolution Through the Contemporary Reformers (2002). Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 35, No. 5, 2002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2445556

Jeffrey Omar Usman (Contact Author)

Belmont University - College of Law ( email )

1900 Belmont Boulevard
Nashville, TN 37212
United States

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