Child Labor and Learning

47 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Patrick M. Emerson

Patrick M. Emerson

Oregon State University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Vladimir P. Ponczek

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - Sao Paulo School of Economics

Andre Portela Souza

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - Sao Paulo School of Economics

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Date Written: June 1, 2014

Abstract

This paper uses a unique micro panel dataset of Brazilian students to investigate the impact of working while in school on learning outcomes. The potential endogeneity is addressed through the use of difference-in-difference and instrumental variable estimators. A negative effect of working on learning outcomes in math and Portuguese is found. The effects of child work range from 3 to 8 percent of a standard deviation decline in test score, which represents a loss of about a quarter to a half of a year of learning on average.

Keywords: Tertiary Education, Youth and Governance, Labor Markets, Street Children, Primary Education

Suggested Citation

Emerson, Patrick M. and Ponczek, Vladimir P. and Portela Souza, Andre, Child Labor and Learning (June 1, 2014). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6904, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2445750

Patrick M. Emerson (Contact Author)

Oregon State University - Department of Economics ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://oregonstate.edu/~emersonp/side2.htm

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Vladimir P. Ponczek

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - Sao Paulo School of Economics ( email )

Andre Portela Souza

Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - Sao Paulo School of Economics ( email )

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