Civilian Attitudes and Insurgent Tactics in Civil War

75 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2014 Last revised: 12 Jul 2018

See all articles by Kentaro Hirose

Kentaro Hirose

Princeton University - Department of Political Science

Kosuke Imai

Princeton University - Department of Political Science

Jason Lyall

Dartmouth College

Date Written: January 1, 2016

Abstract

How do insurgents choose their tactics in civil wars? While most theories of civil war violence marginalize the role of ideology, we argue that the location, type, and lethality of insurgent violence are all shaped by the underlying spatial distribution of civilians' relative support for combatants. Unlike current "hearts and minds" theories, we contend that pro-government attitudes are associated with increased, not reduced, violence, and that these attitudes predict future attacks. A survey experiment in 204 Afghan villages is used to establish a positive association between pro-International Security Assistance Force attitudes and future Taliban attacks. We extend our analysis to 14,606 non-surveyed villages, where our measure of civilian attitudes improves out-of-sample prediction by 20--30% over standard forecasting models. The results are especially strong for Taliban attacks with improvised explosive devices. These findings hold even after adjusting for possible confounders, including past violence, military bases, and aid.

Note: Was: "Can Civilian Attitudes Predict Civil War Violence?"

Keywords: Civil War; Public Opinion; Survey Experiment; Out-of-sample Prediction

JEL Classification: C53, C93, D74

Suggested Citation

Hirose, Kentaro and Imai, Kosuke and Lyall, Jason, Civilian Attitudes and Insurgent Tactics in Civil War (January 1, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2446168 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2446168

Kentaro Hirose

Princeton University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Corwin Hall
Princeton, NJ 08544-1012
United States

Kosuke Imai

Princeton University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Corwin Hall
Princeton, NJ 08544-1012
United States

Jason Lyall (Contact Author)

Dartmouth College ( email )

Department of Government
Hanover, NH 03755
United States

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