Agglomeration Effects of Inter-Firm Backward and Forward Linkages: Evidence from Japanese Manufacturing Investment in China
34 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2014 Last revised: 8 Oct 2014
Date Written: April 1, 2014
This paper examines the agglomeration effects of multinational firms on the location decisions of first-time Japanese manufacturing investors in China for the period 1995-2007. This is accomplished by exploiting newly constructed measures of inter-firm backward and forward linkages formed in a home country. The conditional and mixed logit estimates reveal that agglomeration by first-tier suppliers and customers draws subsequent investment into a location. However, such agglomeration effects are not pervasive and do not extend to the second and third tiers. Instead, we find that agglomeration by third-tier suppliers generates a countervailing force, making a location relatively unattractive.
Keywords: Agglomeration; Backward and forward linkages; Location choice of multinational enterprises
JEL Classification: F23; L22; R3
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