Microbial Treatment of Domestic and Industrial Wastes for Biological Hydrogen Production

8 Pages Posted: 11 Jun 2014

See all articles by Deepanshi Chaudhry

Deepanshi Chaudhry

Indian Institute of Mass Communication; St. Stephen's College; Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Lucknow

Abhinav Sinha

Institute of Engineering and Technology (IET), Lucknow

Date Written: June 9, 2014

Abstract

In view of increasing rates of waste generation, managing waste by converting it into energy is a promising solution. Hydrogen, a high-level energy fuel (122KJ/g), shows the most potential as it can be produced from biological wastes. In the anaerobic digestion process, a large amount of hydrogen is produced by various microbes (potentially 400L to 100L of H2/kg dry matter), which is rarely detectable in final product that is biogas. This hydrogen gas needs to be extracted by allowing proper separation of the phases of this process. The efficiency of this process can also be enhanced through improved reactor designs like the Anaerobic Hybrid reactor, Fixed Film reactor and Upflow Sludge Bed reactor. National initiatives like MNES and NMP will also help in making this technology available for large-scale use.

Keywords: Hydrogen production, hydrogen, energy, waste, NMP, MNES, sludge bed reactor, anaerobic reactor, anaerobic hydrogen, biogas

Suggested Citation

Chaudhry, Deepanshi and Sinha, Abhinav, Microbial Treatment of Domestic and Industrial Wastes for Biological Hydrogen Production (June 9, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2447939 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2447939

Deepanshi Chaudhry (Contact Author)

Indian Institute of Mass Communication ( email )

JNU New Campus
Aruna Asif Ali Marg
New Delhi, 110067
India

St. Stephen's College ( email )

Maurice Nagar
University Enclave
Delhi, 110007
India
09899157547 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ststephens.edu/

Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Lucknow ( email )

Prabandh Nagar
off Sitapur Road
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226013
India

HOME PAGE: http://www.iiml.ac.in/

Abhinav Sinha

Institute of Engineering and Technology (IET), Lucknow ( email )

Lucknow 21, Uttar Pradesh
India

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