How Neurotic are Scam Victims, Really? The Big Five and Internet Scams

34 Pages Posted: 10 Jun 2014

See all articles by David Modic

David Modic

University of Exeter; University of Cambridge

Stephen E. G. Lea

University of Exeter - College of Life and Environmental Sciences

Date Written: September 10, 2012

Abstract

Victims of crimes (and fraud especially) are not just passive observers of crime. This phenomenon, called victim facilitation, implies that there are specific personality traits that predict becoming a victim, and hence, in the present context, scam compliance. We used the five-factor model of personality, a brief self-control scale and the UPPS impulsive behaviour scale to measure the impact of personality traits on scam compliance. Participants answered the personality scales and questions measuring scam compliance across nine scenarios describing typical frauds. The scales were validated and tested for reliability. The UPPS impulsive behaviour scale was re-factorized and re-validated. A sample of respondents balanced for scam compliance between subjects was used to measure scam compliance. Results showed that extraversion, openness, self-control, premeditation, sensation seeking and (negative) urgency correlated with scam compliance.

Keywords: 5FFM, Big Five, Impulsivity, Fraud, Psychology, Internet Scams, IPIP

JEL Classification: Z10

Suggested Citation

Modic, David and Lea, Stephen E. G., How Neurotic are Scam Victims, Really? The Big Five and Internet Scams (September 10, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2448130 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2448130

David Modic (Contact Author)

University of Exeter ( email )

Washington Singer Laboratories
Perry Road
Exeter, Devon EX4 4QG
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.ex.ac.uk/psychology

University of Cambridge ( email )

Computer Laboratory, William Gates Building
15 JJ Thomson Avenue
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire CB3 0FD
United Kingdom
00441223767014 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk

Stephen E. G. Lea

University of Exeter - College of Life and Environmental Sciences ( email )

The Queen's Dr Exeter
Devon, EX4 4QJ
United Kingdom

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