International Competition for PhDs and Postdoctoral Scholars: What Does (and Does Not) Matter

38 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2014

See all articles by Paula E. Stephan

Paula E. Stephan

Georgia State University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Giuseppe Scellato

Polytechnic University of Turin - Department of Production Systems and Business Economics (DISPEA)

Chiara Franzoni

Politecnico di Milano - DIG

Date Written: March 2014

Abstract

We explore factors that lead students and postdoctoral scholars who train outside their native country to come to the United States rather than go to a third country for study. We use data collected by the authors in 2011 as part of the GlobSci project of research-active scientists working in 16 countries. Our research suggests that public policy plays an important role in attracting the foreign born to study in a country and that the US is a magnet for foreign students and postdocs precisely because the US has excelled in creating a strong educational and research environment. We further find that students who come to the US score factors that are proxies for the research environment higher than students who go to most other countries for training.

Suggested Citation

Stephan, Paula E. and Scellato, Giuseppe and Franzoni, Chiara, International Competition for PhDs and Postdoctoral Scholars: What Does (and Does Not) Matter (March 2014). Andrew Young School of Policy Studies Research Paper Series No. 14-06. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2448418 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2448418

Paula E. Stephan (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Giuseppe Scellato

Polytechnic University of Turin - Department of Production Systems and Business Economics (DISPEA) ( email )

Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24
Torino, 10129
Italy
+39 0115647211 (Phone)
+39 0115647299 (Fax)

Chiara Franzoni

Politecnico di Milano - DIG ( email )

Piazza Leonardo da Vinci
Milan, Milano 20100
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.dig.polimi.it/index.php?id=348&tx_wfqbe_pi1[id]=438

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