The Relationship Between Job Security and Work Attitudes: A Meta-Analysis Examining Competing Theoretical Models

33 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2014 Last revised: 21 Aug 2014

See all articles by Hyunkang Hur

Hyunkang Hur

Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA)

James L. Perry

Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA)

Date Written: 2014

Abstract

Competing theoretical models and conflicting findings leave unanswered questions regarding job security’s effect on employee work attitudes (i.e., job satisfaction and organizational commitment). The present meta-analysis of 47 studies (including 56 independent samples) aims to clarify this association and identify factors that may explain differences between studies. We found a linearly positive relationship between job security and work attitudes such that more job security increased employee’s job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Moderator analyses confirmed that relationships differ substantially depending on type of organization, origin of country, age, tenure, and percentage of female workers in the organization. Interestingly, we found that age and tenure moderated the curvilinear job security-work attitudes relationships such that younger (or short tenured) employee group and older (or long tenured) employee group weaken work attitudes, while moderate levels of age (or tenured) employee group yield the strongest effects on work attitudes. Implications for future research and implications for organizational practice in the public sector are discussed.

Keywords: Job Security; Work Attitudes; A Meta-Analysis

Suggested Citation

Hur, Hyunkang and Perry, James L., The Relationship Between Job Security and Work Attitudes: A Meta-Analysis Examining Competing Theoretical Models (2014). APSA 2014 Annual Meeting Paper, Indiana University, Bloomington School of Public & Environmental Affairs Research Paper No. 2452082, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2452082 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2452082

Hyunkang Hur (Contact Author)

Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA) ( email )

1315 East Tenth Street
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States

James L. Perry

Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA) ( email )

1315 East Tenth Street
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States

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