Party Organizations’ Campaign Strategies and the Electoral Context
29 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2014
Date Written: 2014
What role do the party organizations play in electoral campaigns? While the literature looking at developed countries has emphasized the importance of party canvassing efforts by local party organizations during campaigns (i.e. Black 1984, Krassa 1988, Huckfeldt and Sprague 1992, Denver et. al. 2004, Karp et. al. 2008, Gorecki and Marsh 2012), most of the focus in studies on developing countries has been on parties’ local organizations as party machines that are involved in patron-client exchanges and vote buying (i.e. Ames 1994, Stokes 2005, Kitschelt and Wilkinson 2007, Stokes et. al. 2013). Although party organizations in developing countries also carry out canvassing during the campaign period, we do not have much detailed information on these campaign activities such as, for example, who the parties target in their visits. When the party machines are relatively more important or when the party systems are less institutionalized as in most developing countries or new democracies, do the canvassing efforts take a different shape than observed in developed countries?
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