The Philippine Emigration State: Facilitating Labor Export as Economic Development Policy
46 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2014
Date Written: 2014
This paper explains how the management of post-secondary educational institutions in the Philippines is an important explanation for why the labor export continues to be part of the country’s economic development path. Using region-level data for years 1989 to 2004, this papers shows a statistically significant relationship between an increase in tertiary enrollment and tertiary graduates, and the number of Filipinos leaving the country on an overseas contract labor. The flexible, unregulated nature of Philippine tertiary education continues to adjust and feed the labor export industry with Filipinos ready to work abroad. But on the other hand, the technical and vocational education developed by President Ferdinand Marcos under the Technical Educational and Skills Training Authority (TESDA) actually plays an important role in reversing this trend so Filipinos are trained for the domestic labor market. Using regional-level data for years 1989 to 2004, this analysis finds a statistically significant relationship between an increase in technical skills and vocational education instituted by TESDA and a decrease in the number of overseas Filipino Workers, controlling for other factors.
Keywords: Higher Education, Philippines, international migration, labor markets, developing countries
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation