인도의 경제개혁 이후 노동시장의 변화와 시사점 (Changes in the Labor Market Since India's Economic Reforms)

261 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2014

See all articles by Woong Lee

Woong Lee

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Young Chul Song

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Choong Jae Cho

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Yoon-Jung Choi

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Date Written: December 30, 2013

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 1991년 말 외환보유고의 고갈로 인한 IMF 구제금융 신청은 인도 정부가 외부요인에 의해 갑작스럽게 경제개혁을 시작하는 계기였다. 이는 1997년 우리나라의 외환위기 때와 유사한 측면이 있으며, 특히 구제금융 지원에 따른 개혁은 양국 모두에 해당하므로 인도의 경제개혁은 우리에게도 중요한 연구주제이다. 본 보고서는 인도의 경제개혁 이후 노동시장의 변화에 대해 연구하였다. 경제개혁이 진행됨에 따라 노동시장이 어떠한 방향으로 나아갔는지 분석하였고, 특히 경제개혁 전후 노동시장의 변화에 중점을 두었다. 시기별 구분에서는 1991년 개혁 전, 외부요인에 의한 경제개혁, 내부요구가 반영된 경제개혁, 경제호황기, 글로벌 금융위기 이후의 네 시기로 나누었으며, 노사관계 관련 분석에서는 주로 시기를 1991년 경제개혁 전후로만 나누었는데, 이는 노사관계를 포함한 노동제도가 다른 분야에 비해 변화가 미약했기 때문이다.

English Abstract: The momentum of the unexpected economic reform triggered by an external force led the Indian government to apply for the IMF bailout program, following the exhaustion of its foreign reserves at the end of 1991. India’s economic reform is an important example for the Korean economy because of its similarities to Korea’s 1997 foreign reserve crisis. The two countries have both experienced reform led by an IMF bailout. This report examines changes in the Indian labor market since the economic reforms of 1991. Analyzed here is the direction toward which the labor market moved, as the economic reform has proceeded, with particular focus on the labor market change pre-and-post reform. For the distinction by period, four phases are defined as follows: the period of economic reform by external factors after the 1991 reform, the period of economic reform that reflected domestic demand, the period of booming economy and then the period after the global financial crisis. In industrial relation analysis, the time period under discussion is simply divided into two by 1991 economic reform as the divider because there has not been much change in labor market institutions, including industrial relations, compared to other sectors.

Note: Downloadable document is in Korean.

Keywords: Economic Reforms, India, Labor Market, Employment structure

Suggested Citation

Lee, Woong and Song, Young Chul and Cho, Choong Jae and Choi, Yoon-Jung, 인도의 경제개혁 이후 노동시장의 변화와 시사점 (Changes in the Labor Market Since India's Economic Reforms) (December 30, 2013). KIEP Research Paper No. Policy Analysis 13-25. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2456088 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2456088

Woong Lee (Contact Author)

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

Seoul 137-602

Young Chul Song

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Choong Jae Cho

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Yoon-Jung Choi

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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