Autonomous Scientifically Controlled Screening Systems for Detecting Information Purposely Concealed by Individuals

Journal of Management Information Systems, vol. 31(3), pp. 106–137, DOI: 10.1080/07421222.2014.995535).

Posted: 20 Jun 2014 Last revised: 2 Jun 2015

See all articles by Nathan Twyman

Nathan Twyman

University of Arizona - Department of Management Information Systems

Paul Benjamin Lowry

Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University - Pamplin College of Business

Judee K. Burgoon

University of Arizona - Eller College of Management

Jay F. Nunamaker

University of Arizona - Center for the Management of Information (CMI)

Date Written: December 31, 2014

Abstract

Screening individuals for concealed information has traditionally been the purview of professional interrogators investigating crimes. However, the ability to detect when a person is hiding important information has high value in many other applications if results could be reliably obtained using an automated and rapid interviewing system. Unfortunately, this ideal has thus far been stymied by practical limitations and inadequate scientific control in current interviewing systems. This study proposes a new class of systems, termed autonomous scientifically controlled screening systems (ASCSS), designed to detect individuals’ purposely hidden information about target topics of interest. These hidden topics of interest could be anything from knowledge of concealed weapons, privacy violations, fraudulent organizational behavior, organizational security policy violations, pre-employment behavioral intentions, organizational insider threat, leakage of classified information, or even consumer product use information. ASCSS represents a systematic synthesis of structured interviewing, orienting theory, defensive response theory, non-invasive psychophysiological measurement, and behavioral measurement. To evaluate and enhance the design principles, we built a prototype automated screening kiosk (ASK) system and configured it for a physical security screening scenario in which participants constructed and attempted to smuggle a fake improvised explosive device (IED). The positive results provide support for the proposition that ASCSS may afford more widespread application of credibility assessment screening systems.

Keywords: Autonomous scientifically controlled screening systems (ASCSS), Credibility assessment, Deception detection, Concealed information test (CIT), Orienting response, Defensive response, Automated screening kiosk (ASK), Eye tracking measures, Physical security, Design Science

Suggested Citation

Twyman, Nathan and Lowry, Paul Benjamin and Burgoon, Judee K. and Nunamaker, Jay F., Autonomous Scientifically Controlled Screening Systems for Detecting Information Purposely Concealed by Individuals (December 31, 2014). Journal of Management Information Systems, vol. 31(3), pp. 106–137, DOI: 10.1080/07421222.2014.995535)., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2456618

Nathan Twyman

University of Arizona - Department of Management Information Systems ( email )

AZ
United States

Paul Benjamin Lowry (Contact Author)

Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University - Pamplin College of Business ( email )

1016 Pamplin Hall
Blacksburg, VA 24061
United States

Judee K. Burgoon

University of Arizona - Eller College of Management ( email )

McClelland Hall
P.O. Box 210108
Tucson, AZ 85721-0108
United States

Jay F. Nunamaker

University of Arizona - Center for the Management of Information (CMI) ( email )

McClelland Hall 202
P.O. Box 210108
Tucson, AZ 85721-0108
United States

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