Crime in Colombia: More Law Enforcement or More Justice?

25 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2014

See all articles by Catalina Gomez

Catalina Gomez

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF)

Hermilson Velasquez

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF)

Andrés Rendón C.

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF)

Santiago Bohorquez

Tilburg University - Tilburg University School of Economics and Management

Date Written: February 1, 2014

Abstract

This study considers the effect that judicial and police efficiency exercised on crime in 25 of the 33 political-administrative divisions in Colombia during the period 2000-2011. Specifically, the study seeks to determine whether the reduction of crime was the result of increases in the cost of crime as a result of the strengthening of the country’s security forces, especially the National Police, or instead was due to the greater efficiency of the penal system resulting from a structural change stemming from Act 906 of 2004. To view this we propose a model of dynamic panel data that not only includes the individual and temporal effects of the variables of interest, but also allows us to understand the inertia in criminal behavior. The results indicate an inverse relationship between the number of crimes and the greater efficiency of the police and judicial action, which is consistent with the evidence reported in other international work. Robustness checks confirmed the validity of the findings.

Keywords: Crime economy, data panel, police, judicial system, efficiency

JEL Classification: D61, H83, I38, K14, K42

Suggested Citation

Gomez, Catalina and Velasquez, Hermilson and Rendón C., Andrés and Bohorquez, Santiago, Crime in Colombia: More Law Enforcement or More Justice? (February 1, 2014). Center for Research in Economics and Finance (CIEF), Working Paper No. 14-12. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2456717 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2456717

Catalina Gomez (Contact Author)

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF) ( email )

Carrera 49 No. 7 South - 50
Bogotá
Colombia

Hermilson Velasquez

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF) ( email )

Carrera 49 No. 7 South - 50
Bogotá
Colombia

Andrés Rendón C.

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF) ( email )

Carrera 49 No. 7 South - 50
Bogotá
Colombia

Santiago Bohorquez

Tilburg University - Tilburg University School of Economics and Management ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

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