Did Post-Enlargement Labor Mobility Help the EU to Adjust During the Great Recession? The Case of Slovakia

39 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2014

See all articles by Martin Kahanec

Martin Kahanec

IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Central European University; Central European Labour Studies Institute

Lucia Mytna Kurekova

Slovak Governance Institute; Central European University

Abstract

This paper evaluates the mobility patterns of Slovaks into the rest of the European Union (EU) following Slovakia's EU accession in 2004 and through the Great Recession. Combining information from various data sources including the Slovak Labor Force Survey and conducting our own statistical analysis of selectivity into migration, we study whether and how migration responded to asymmetric economic shocks at home and abroad. We identify a number of shifts in the directionality and composition of migration flows in terms of the destinations, gender, age, educational attainment and occupation, reflecting changing labor market conditions in receiving countries and Slovakia. We show that besides the standard demographic factors, migration propensity was higher among the unemployed and from the more depressed regions of Slovakia. We conclude that labor migration has served as an important adjustment mechanism in the country and more generally in the EU labor market.

Keywords: adjustment, EU enlargement, labor market, migration, Slovakia

JEL Classification: F22, J61

Suggested Citation

Kahanec, Martin and Mytna Kurekova, Lucia, Did Post-Enlargement Labor Mobility Help the EU to Adjust During the Great Recession? The Case of Slovakia. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8249. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2457352

Martin Kahanec (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Central European University ( email )

Nador utca 9
Budapest, H-1051
Hungary

Central European Labour Studies Institute ( email )

Zvolenská 29
Bratislava, 82109
Slovakia

HOME PAGE: http://www.celsi.sk

Lucia Mytna Kurekova

Slovak Governance Institute ( email )

Gajova 4
Bratislava, 81109
Slovakia

Central European University ( email )

Nador utca 9
Budapest, H-1051
Hungary

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