Ethical and Unethical Methods of Plagiarism Prevention in Academic Writing

International Education Studies, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 52-62, 2014

11 Pages Posted: 24 Jun 2014  

Kaveh Bakhtiyari

University of Duisburg-Essen

Hadi Salehi

Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch

Mohamed Amin Embi

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Faculty of Education

Masoud Shakiba

National University of Malaysia (UKM)

Azam Zavvari

National University of Malaysia (UKM)

Masoomeh Shahbazi-Moghadam

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Nader Ale Ebrahim

Centre for Research Services, Institute of Management and Research Services (IPPP), University of Malaya (UM); University of Malaya (UM) - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture

Marjan Mohammadjafari

University of Malaya (UM)

Date Written: June 19, 2014

Abstract

This paper discusses plagiarism origins, and the ethical solutions to prevent it. It also reviews some unethical approaches, which may be used to decrease the plagiarism rate in academic writings. We propose eight ethical techniques to avoid unconscious and accidental plagiarism in manuscripts without using online systems such as Turnitin and/or iThenticate for cross checking and plagiarism detection. The efficiency of the proposed techniques is evaluated on five different texts using students individually. After application of the techniques on the texts, they were checked by Turnitin to produce the plagiarism and similarity report. At the end, the "effective factor" of each method has been compared with each other; and the best result went to a hybrid combination of all techniques to avoid plagiarism. The hybrid of ethical methods decreased the plagiarism rate reported by Turnitin from nearly 100% to the average of 8.4% on 5 manuscripts.

Keywords: Plagiarism, Plagiarism Prevention, Academic Cheating, Ethical Approaches, Unethical Approaches

JEL Classification: L11, L1, L2, M11, M12, M1, M54, Q1, O1, O3, P42, P24, P29, Q31, Q32, L17

Suggested Citation

Bakhtiyari, Kaveh and Salehi, Hadi and Embi, Mohamed Amin and Shakiba, Masoud and Zavvari, Azam and Shahbazi-Moghadam, Masoomeh and Ale Ebrahim, Nader and Mohammadjafari, Marjan, Ethical and Unethical Methods of Plagiarism Prevention in Academic Writing (June 19, 2014). International Education Studies, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 52-62, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2457669

Kaveh Bakhtiyari

University of Duisburg-Essen ( email )

Lotharstrasse 1
Duisburg, 47048
Germany

Hadi Salehi

Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch ( email )

Iran
Iran
Najafabad, Isfahan
Iran

Mohamed Amin Embi

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Faculty of Education ( email )

Department of Industrial Computing
School of Information Technology -FTSM
Bangi, Selangor 55100
Malaysia
+60 3 89215969 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ukm.my/ppa/index.php?option=com_contact&view=contact&id=2:prof-dr-mohamed-amin-embi&catid

Masoud Shakiba

National University of Malaysia (UKM) ( email )

43600 Bandar Baru Bangi
Bangi, MS Selangor 06010
Malaysia

Azam Zavvari

National University of Malaysia (UKM) ( email )

43600 Bandar Baru Bangi
Bangi, MS Selangor 06010
Malaysia

Masoomeh Shahbazi-Moghadam

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) ( email )

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
Kuala Lumpur, MA Selangor 40450
Malaysia

Nader Ale Ebrahim (Contact Author)

Centre for Research Services, Institute of Management and Research Services (IPPP), University of Malaya (UM) ( email )

Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
University of Malaya (UM)
Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
Malaysia

HOME PAGE: http://https://umresearch.um.edu.my/

University of Malaya (UM) - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture ( email )

Kuala Lumpur, 50603
Malaysia

Marjan Mohammadjafari

University of Malaya (UM) ( email )

Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
University of Malaya (UM)
Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
Malaysia

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