Inter District Disparities in Meghalaya
Proceedings of the International Conference on "Sustainable Development and Ethnic Minority Poverty Reduction in Mountainous Regions" Thai Nguyen University, Viet Nam, 11-13 June 2014.
10 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2014
Date Written: June 5, 2014
The present paper is an attempt to measure and highlight the magnitude and the problems of unbalanced human development in the state of Meghalaya using primary data. The study reveals widespread variations in human development across all the seven districts and disparities between rural and urban areas and between male and female groups of population within the state. There exists a significant level of disparity both in income consumption and in non-income attainments over the districts. The inequality in economic attainment happens to be very high. However, both measures of variation and inequality index suggest that few non-income indicators such as intensity of formal education and infant mortality rate have disparities over economic indicators which are indeed a cause of considerable concern. In addition, economic inequality is much higher than the overall HDI inequality. With an evidence of a huge shortfall in HDI the existing level of variation and disabilities calls for a need to redesign the public policies that directly affect the welfare of the people.
Keywords: human development index, educational index, health index, income index consumption index, disparities, Bourguignon Inequality Index, North East India, Meghalaya
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