Migrant Scientists and International Networks

31 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2014  

Giuseppe Scellato

Polytechnic University of Turin - Department of Production Systems and Business Economics (DISPEA)

Chiara Franzoni

Politecnico di Milano - DIG

Paula E. Stephan

Georgia State University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: March 2014

Abstract

We examine collaboration patterns of foreign scientists working in one of 16 countries in 2011 and compare them to the collaboration patterns of nonmigrant scientists and scientists with some international experience who have returned. Data come from the GlobSci survey. Major findings are that both foreign-born scientists and returnees have larger international research networks than do native researchers who lack an international background. The higher incidence of international collaboration among migrants is driven primarily by those who did not get their PhD training in the destination country but rather came for a postdoctoral position or directly for employment. We also find that a sizeable share of foreign born collaborate with researchers located in their country of origin and that migrants are also likely to collaborate with individuals from their home country who are working or studying in a third country (diaspora effect). Finally, the relative strength of the origin country’s science base matters in the sense that those who come from a relatively stronger base have superior networks compared to those coming from a relatively weaker science base.

Suggested Citation

Scellato, Giuseppe and Franzoni, Chiara and Stephan, Paula E., Migrant Scientists and International Networks (March 2014). Andrew Young School of Policy Studies Research Paper Series No. 14-07. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2466514 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2466514

Giuseppe Scellato

Polytechnic University of Turin - Department of Production Systems and Business Economics (DISPEA) ( email )

Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24
Torino, 10129
Italy
+39 0115647211 (Phone)
+39 0115647299 (Fax)

Chiara Franzoni

Politecnico di Milano - DIG ( email )

Piazza Leonardo da Vinci
Milan, Milano 20100
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.dig.polimi.it/index.php?id=348&tx_wfqbe_pi1[id]=438

Paula E. Stephan (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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