Political Islam: Theory
Annual Review of Political Science, Volume 18 (June 2015), pp. 103-23.
21 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2014 Last revised: 2 Aug 2015
Date Written: July 16, 2014
This essay focuses on questions addressed in a variety of literatures that pertain to the ideological, normative, symbolic and epochal aspects of political Islam. Political theorists, historians, sociologists and anthropologists have disagreed on whether political Islam is an exclusively modern political phenomenon or is indebted to longstanding Islamic religious commitments. More specifically, they have also disagreed on whether the shape and ambitions of political Islam is entirely determined by the powers and institutions of the modern, bureaucratic state, particular its secular desire to control, regulate and reshape religion. These interpretive debates have often sat uneasily with ongoing normative debates about what kind of secularism is required by democracy, and whether democracy has a priority to liberal rights and freedoms.
Keywords: Secularism, religion, modernity, fundamentalism, democracy
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation