The Panopticon of International Law: B’Tselem's Camera Project and the Enforcement of International Law in a Transnational Society

Miretski, P., & Bachmann, S. (2014). The panopticon of international law: B’Tselem’s camera project and the enforcement of international law in a transnational society. Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 52(1), Forthcoming

Osgoode Legal Studies Research Paper No. 54/2014

33 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2014 Last revised: 4 Nov 2014

See all articles by Pini Pavel Miretski

Pini Pavel Miretski

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Faculty of Social Sciences

Sascha Dov Bachmann

Bournemouth University - The Media School; Swedish Defence University (FHS); Bournemouth University

Date Written: July 23, 2014

Abstract

This paper analyzes the influence of transnational non-state actors on compliance with international legal rules, as part of Foucault’s power/knowledge structure. Particularly it examines the effect of the “Shooting Back” project, by the Israeli NGO B’Tselem, on the level of investigations of alleged violations of the law of occupation. According to Bentham’s principles of Panoptism, power should be visible and unverifiable. The implementation of these principles by transnational actors is highlighted by the “Shooting Back” project in Israel. In 2007 the NGO B’Tselem supplied Palestinians living in high-conflict areas with video-cameras in order to capture, expose, and “seek redress for” human rights violations in the Occupied Territories. This project caused soldiers and their commanders to become aware of the possibility that they and their actions are being observed and documented, without knowing the exact source of the observer It also demonstrates the potential role of transnational actors in conflict resolution, who through their geographical spread and the use of affordable means of communication can assist in the implementation of Bentham’s principles.

Keywords: Foucault, B’Tselem, Transnational Law, International Humanitarian Law (IHL), Compliance, Enforcement, Conflict Theory, Conflict and Society

JEL Classification: K00, K10, K33, K42, D74, Z18

Suggested Citation

Miretski, Pini Pavel and Bachmann, Sascha-Dominik Oliver Vladimir, The Panopticon of International Law: B’Tselem's Camera Project and the Enforcement of International Law in a Transnational Society (July 23, 2014). Miretski, P., & Bachmann, S. (2014). The panopticon of international law: B’Tselem’s camera project and the enforcement of international law in a transnational society. Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 52(1), Forthcoming; Osgoode Legal Studies Research Paper No. 54/2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2467742

Pini Pavel Miretski (Contact Author)

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Faculty of Social Sciences ( email )

Jerusalem
Israel

Sascha-Dominik Oliver Vladimir Bachmann

Bournemouth University - The Media School ( email )

Bournemouth, BH12 5BB
United Kingdom

Swedish Defence University (FHS) ( email )

114 28, Drottning Kristinas väg 37
Stockholm, 114 28
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://https://bournemouth.academia.edu/SaschaDominikBachmann

Bournemouth University ( email )

Bournemouth, BH1
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://staffprofiles.bournemouth.ac.uk/display/sbachmann

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