Diversity within Unity: Import Laws of Islamic Countries on Haram (Forbidden) Products

64 Pages Posted: 8 Aug 2014

See all articles by Raj Bhala

Raj Bhala

University of Kansas - School of Law; Dentons U.S. LLP; Bloomberg Quint (India)

Shannon Keating


Date Written: July 17, 2014


How do Muslim countries treat importation of goods that Islamic Law (Sharı’a) considers Haram (forbidden), namely, alcoholic beverages and pork products? Why do they do so? What might Muslim countries do, in accordance with the rules of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and World Trade Organization (WTO), to alter their policies?

Based on painstaking empirical research of the WTO protocols of accession and schedules of tariff concessions of every Islamic country in the world, this article answers each of these three questions, which may be summarized in aggregate as “diversity within unity.” All of the pertinent countries are members of both the WTO and Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), and a majority of their populations profess adherence to one of the world’s great faiths – Islam. Therein is their unity.

Keywords: Muslim, Islamic Law, GATT, WTO, OIC

Suggested Citation

Bhala, Raj and Keating, Shannon, Diversity within Unity: Import Laws of Islamic Countries on Haram (Forbidden) Products (July 17, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2467786 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2467786

Raj Bhala (Contact Author)

University of Kansas - School of Law ( email )

Green Hall
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HOME PAGE: http://https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raj_Bhala

Dentons U.S. LLP ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://https://www.dentons.com/en/rakesh-kumar

Bloomberg Quint (India) ( email )

Quintillion Business Media Pte. Ltd.
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Lower Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400013
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HOME PAGE: http://https://www.bloombergquint.com/search?q=Raj+Bhala#gs.byZDIP8

Shannon Keating

Independent ( email )

Washington, DC
United States

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