Tax Buoyancy in OECD Countries
19 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2014
Date Written: June 2014
By how much will faster economic growth boost government revenue? This paper estimates short- and long-run tax buoyancy in OECD countries between 1965 and 2012. We find that, for aggregate tax revenues, short-run tax buoyancy does not significantly differ from one in the majority of countries; yet, it has increased since the late 1980s so that tax systems have generally become better automatic stabilizers. Long-run buoyancy exceeds one in about half of the OECD countries, implying that GDP growth has helped improve structural fiscal deficit ratios. Corporate taxes are by far the most buoyant, while excises and property taxes are the least buoyant. For personal income taxes and social contributions, short- and long-run buoyancies have declined since the late 1980s and have, on average, become lower than one.
Keywords: Tax revenue, OECD, Personal income taxes, Corporate taxes, Property taxes, Tax systems, Automatic stabilizers, Economic growth, Econometric models, Regression analysis, Tax buoyancy, Error Correction Model, OECD., total tax revenue, tax revenues, tax rates, tax categories, income taxes, tax reforms, tax system, property tax, tax policy, fiscal sustainability, fiscal affairs department, tax compliance, fiscal policy, fiscal affairs, fiscal deficits, taxation, tax elasticity, tax mix, tax ratios, short-term tax, higher tax rates, public expenditures, corporate income taxes, tax base, excise taxes, public finances, fiscal balance, tax journal, tax bases, budget balances, government revenue, tax
JEL Classification: E62, H68
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation