Small and Medium Size Enterprises, Credit Supply Shocks, and Economic Recovery in Europe

28 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2014

See all articles by Nir Klein

Nir Klein

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: June 2014


The limited access to bank credit in recent years has increased the pressure on small and medium size enterprises (SMEs), forcing them to scale down investment plans and production. This paper, which explores the macroeconomic implications of this channel, finds evidence that countries with high prevalence of SMEs tended to recover more slowly from the global financial crisis than their peers, implying that the interaction of the economic structure and access to bank financing plays a critical role in episodes of economic recovery. This conclusion is reinforced by a VAR estimation, which demonstrates that a negative credit supply shock applied to SMEs has an adverse effect on economic activity, and this impact is amplified in countries that have a high share of SMEs.

Keywords: Economic recovery, Europe, Business enterprises, Credit, Supply, External shocks, Panel analysis, SMEs, Credit Supply Shocks, Panel VAR., gdp growth, real gdp, economic growth, medium size enterprises, sme, gdp deflator, business cycles, business cycle, small firms, medium enterprises, entrepreneurship, business plan, small enterprises, small and medium enterprises

JEL Classification: G01, E32

Suggested Citation

Klein, Nir, Small and Medium Size Enterprises, Credit Supply Shocks, and Economic Recovery in Europe (June 2014). IMF Working Paper No. 14/98, Available at SSRN:

Nir Klein (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics