Small and Medium Size Enterprises, Credit Supply Shocks, and Economic Recovery in Europe
28 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2014
Date Written: June 2014
The limited access to bank credit in recent years has increased the pressure on small and medium size enterprises (SMEs), forcing them to scale down investment plans and production. This paper, which explores the macroeconomic implications of this channel, finds evidence that countries with high prevalence of SMEs tended to recover more slowly from the global financial crisis than their peers, implying that the interaction of the economic structure and access to bank financing plays a critical role in episodes of economic recovery. This conclusion is reinforced by a VAR estimation, which demonstrates that a negative credit supply shock applied to SMEs has an adverse effect on economic activity, and this impact is amplified in countries that have a high share of SMEs.
Keywords: Economic recovery, Europe, Business enterprises, Credit, Supply, External shocks, Panel analysis, SMEs, Credit Supply Shocks, Panel VAR., gdp growth, real gdp, economic growth, medium size enterprises, sme, gdp deflator, business cycles, business cycle, small firms, medium enterprises, entrepreneurship, business plan, small enterprises, small and medium enterprises
JEL Classification: G01, E32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation