When Does Freedom of Speech Trump Celebrity Publicity Rights?

7 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2014 Last revised: 31 Jul 2014

See all articles by Tyler Trent Ochoa

Tyler Trent Ochoa

Santa Clara University School of Law

Date Written: September 1, 2013


The use of college athletes’ likenesses in sports simulation videogames, such as Electronic Arts’ NCAA Football series, has spawned a number of lawsuits alleging that such use violates the athletes’ rights of publicity. (These actions have been brought by retired college athletes, as the NCAA prohibits college athletes from commercially exploiting their rights of publicity while in college, as a condition of maintaining their “amateur” status.) Two federal Courts of Appeals have now held 2-1 that the First Amendment does not protect Electronic Arts’ depiction of actual college players, so that EA may be held liable under state right of publicity laws. The agreement between the two courts makes it considerably less likely that the Supreme Court will review either one of the cases when it resumes sitting in October.

Suggested Citation

Ochoa, Tyler Trent, When Does Freedom of Speech Trump Celebrity Publicity Rights? (September 1, 2013). 14 Internet L. & Bus. 329 (2013), Santa Clara Univ. Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-14, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2473350

Tyler Trent Ochoa (Contact Author)

Santa Clara University School of Law ( email )

500 El Camino Real
Santa Clara, CA 95053
United States
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408-554-4426 (Fax)

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