Recognition and Disclosure Reliability: Evidence from SFAS No. 106
44 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2000
Date Written: August 2002
This paper examines a fundamental question of interest to researchers and regulators: Does the market treat disclosed financial statement information as if it is less reliable than information recognized in the body of the financial statements? Specifically, we compare the perceived reliability of liabilities for retiree benefits other than pensions (PRBs) disclosed prior to adoption of SFAS No. 106 with the perceived reliability of PRB liabilities subsequently recognized under SFAS No. 106. Overall, the evidence is consistent with the market treating disclosed PRB liabilities as being less reliable than recognized PRB liabilities and pension liabilities. However, once PRB liabilities are recognized, they do not appear to be any less reliable than pension liabilities. These findings are inconsistent with the Choi et al. (1997) conclusion that PRB liabilities are inherently less reliable than pension liabilities. The paper also investigates factors that may have contributed to the lower disclosure reliability.
Keywords: disclosure, recognition, reliability, SFAS No. 106
JEL Classification: C13, M41, M44, M45
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation