Foreign Exchange Intervention in Saudi Arabia
6 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2014
Date Written: October 2013
Saudi Arabia has a fixed exchange rate regime, with a dollar peg. The spot USD/SAR exchange rate has remained unchanged at 3.7500 since June 1986, as SAMA provides dollars to the domestic banks to meet the commercial and financial demand of the private sector. SAMA FX intervention has been discretionary and infrequent, mainly in the forward market, to stem speculative activity linked to external or domestic factors. It has not been SAMA policy to intervene for broader economic objectives, such as controlling inflation, maintaining competitiveness or regulating the amount of FX reserves, as these are amply addressed by fiscal measures rather than FX intervention in a pegged exchange rate regime, which is the economy's nominal anchor.
Keywords: FX intervention, Al-Hamidy, Banafe
JEL Classification: F31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation