Non-Kinetic Capabilities: Complementing the Kinetic Prevalence to Targeting
Forthcoming in: Ducheine, P.A.L., Schmitt, M. & Osinga, F. (eds.), Targeting: Challenges of Modern Warfare, The Hague: Springer (2014)
Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2014-41
Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2014-26
28 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2014
Date Written: July 30, 2014
Targeting is used in military doctrine to describe a military operational way, using (military) means to influence a target (or addressee) in order to achieve designated political and/or military goals. The four factors italicized are used to analyse non-kinetic targeting, complementing our knowledge and understanding of the kinetic prevalence. Paradoxically, non-kinetic targeting is not recognized as a separate concept: kinetic and non-kinetic are intertwined facets of targeting.
Kinetic targeting refers to the targeted application of military force based on the release or concentration of kinetic energy against opposing forces or objects with (primarily) lethal effects in the physical domain, whereas non-kinetic targeting describes the targeted application of (other military and non-military) capabilities against addressees to generate (additional) non-kinetic effects in the non-physical and physical domain.
This chapter attempts to provide a better demarcation between kinetic and non-kinetic targeting, first by reviewing recent developments in military operations and targeting and introducing a ‘full spectrum approach’. It then enumerates and analyses a number of typical non-kinetic capabilities: information activities, key leader engagement, lawfare, criminal legal action, security detention, assets freezes and cyber operations.
The chapter concludes that although non-kinetic targeting does not exist as a stand-alone concept, it is vitally important in contemporary military operations. It provides opportunities to engage and affect additional target audiences (including supporters) with less devastating effects including constructive effects), by offering additional means to conduct operations, stressing the crucial role of non-kinetic elements like information, perception, cohesion, understanding and will.
Keywords: Non-kinetic targeting, targeting, information operations, effect based approach, evidence-based targeting, key leader engagement, cyber operations, lawfare, detention
JEL Classification: K33, L86, L96, N40, O30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?
Targeting Narcoinsurgents in Afghanistan: The Limits of International Humanitarian Law
Targeting and International Humanitarian Law in Afghanistan
Does Lawfare Need an Apologia?
Iraq and the Military Detention Debate: Firsthand Perspectives from the Other War, 2003-2010
Warrant Based Targeting: Prosecution-Oriented Capture and Detention as Legal and Moral Alternatives to Targeted Killing
Fighting Power, Targeting and Cyber Operations
By P.a.l. Ducheine and Jelle Van Haaster
Preventive Deprivations of Liberty: Asset Freezes and Travel Bans
EvBO: Evidence-Based Operations How to Remove the Bad Guys from the Battlefield
By P.a.l. Ducheine and Eric Pouw