Evaluating the Performance of Chinese Commercial Banks: A Comparative Analysis of Different Types of Banks
European Journal of Operational Research, Forthcoming
35 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2014 Last revised: 24 Dec 2015
Date Written: August 1, 2015
This paper examines the cost and profit efficiency of four types of Chinese commercial banks over the period from 2002 to 2013. We find that the cost and profit efficiencies improved across all types of Chinese domestic banks in general and the banks are more profit-efficient than cost efficient. Foreign banks are the most cost efficient but the least profit efficient. The profit efficiency gap between foreign banks and domestic banks has widened after the World Trade Organization transition period (2007-2013). Ownership structure, market competition, bank size, and listing status are the main determinants of the efficiency of Chinese banks. We also find a causal relationship between efficiency and SROE by using the panel auto regression method. The evidence from the shadow return on equity (SROE) suggests that policy makers should be cautious of the adjustment costs imposed by the recapitalization process, which offsets the efficiency gains.
Keywords: Efficiency; Stochastic frontier analysis; Economies of scale; Shadow return on equity; Chinese banking
JEL Classification: G21, G28, P34
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