Banks, Government Bonds, and Default: What Do the Data Say?

54 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2014

See all articles by Nicola Gennaioli

Nicola Gennaioli

Bocconi University - Department of Finance; Bocconi University - IGIER - Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research

Alberto Martin

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Stefano Rossi

Bocconi University; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 2014

Abstract

We analyze holdings of public bonds by over 20,000 banks in 191 countries, and the role of these bonds in 20 sovereign defaults over 1998-2012. Banks hold many public bonds (on average 9% of their assets), particularly in less financially-developed countries. During sovereign defaults, banks increase their exposure to public bonds, especially large banks and when expected bond returns are high. At the bank level, bondholdings correlate negatively with subsequent lending during sovereign defaults. This correlation is mostly due to bonds acquired in pre-default years. These findings shed light on alternative theories of the sovereign default-banking crisis nexus.

Keywords: Banks, Government securities, Bonds, Sovereign risk, Return on investment, Sovereign debt defaults, Banking crisis, Sovereign Default, Government Bonds, bond, public bonds, bond returns, sovereign bond, sovereign defaults, central bank, government bond, private credit, demand for bonds, bond return, financial institutions, sovereign bonds, bond prices, financial markets, bond spreads, bond index, international financial statistics, financial intermediation, bond market, domestic financial markets, financial repression, global bond, global bond index, emerging market bond, sovereign bond market, market bond, central banks, debt crisis, debt restructuring, foreign bonds, international financia

JEL Classification: F34, F36, G15, H63

Suggested Citation

Gennaioli, Nicola and Martin, Alberto and Rossi, Stefano, Banks, Government Bonds, and Default: What Do the Data Say? (July 2014). IMF Working Paper No. 14/120, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2475016

Nicola Gennaioli (Contact Author)

Bocconi University - Department of Finance ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milano, MI 20136
Italy

Bocconi University - IGIER - Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan, 20136
Italy

Alberto Martin

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI) ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Stefano Rossi

Bocconi University ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milano, MI 20136
Italy

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) ( email )

c/o the Royal Academies of Belgium
Rue Ducale 1 Hertogsstraat
1000 Brussels
Belgium

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