Shifting Conceptions of Refugee Identity and Protection: European and Middle Eastern Approaches

Published version in Susan Kneebone, Dallal Stevens and Loretta Baldassar, 'Refugee Protection and the Role of Law: Conflicting Identities' (Routledge, 2014), ch 5.

Warwick School of Law Research Paper No. 2014/10

26 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2014 Last revised: 6 Sep 2014

See all articles by Dallal E. Stevens

Dallal E. Stevens

University of Warwick - School of Law

Date Written: August 1, 2014

Abstract

No analysis of contemporary refugee protection and identity should take place without consideration of historical perspectives. An understanding of historical (and religious) antecedents is crucial to appreciate fully some of the key questions of this volume: who is a ‘refugee’; how that label influences state behaviour towards those seeking asylum; and the broader implications for refugee identity and protection. This chapter has two aims: (i) to provide a foundation for subsequent contributions in this collection and to highlight some of the major concerns with both the Refugee Convention and the framework for international protection in the 21st century; and (ii) to focus on the Middle East, where the majority of states are not party to the Refugee Convention or Protocol, but which currently hosts millions of displaced people. The discussion opens with a consideration of the Refugee Convention and its Protocol (‘the Refugee Convention’) in their historical contexts, briefly describing the change from group-based to individual protection, the emergence of a legal identity of the refugee, and the subsequent shifts in conceptualisation of both refugee protection and refugee identity that have occurred in the past 60 years. The importance of the UNHCR in this development is highlighted. The chapter then moves on to the second, and main part, and addresses the historical context of forced migration in the Middle East, before exploring the current problems associated with law, refugee identity and protection in the region.

Keywords: refugee protection, UNHCR

Suggested Citation

Stevens, Dallal E., Shifting Conceptions of Refugee Identity and Protection: European and Middle Eastern Approaches (August 1, 2014). Published version in Susan Kneebone, Dallal Stevens and Loretta Baldassar, 'Refugee Protection and the Role of Law: Conflicting Identities' (Routledge, 2014), ch 5., Warwick School of Law Research Paper No. 2014/10, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2475132

Dallal E. Stevens (Contact Author)

University of Warwick - School of Law ( email )

Gibbet Hill Road
Coventry CV4 7AL, CV4 7AL
United Kingdom
024 765 23289 (Phone)
024 765 24105 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/law/staff/academic/stevens

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