Family Structure and the Education Gender Gap: Evidence from Italian Provinces

32 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2014

See all articles by Graziella Bertocchi

Graziella Bertocchi

Università di Modena; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Monica Bozzano

University of Pavia

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Abstract

We investigate the determinants of the education gender gap in Italy in historical perspective with a focus on the influence of family structure. We capture the latter with two indicators: residential habits (nuclear vs. complex families) and inheritance rules (partition vs. primogeniture). After controlling for economic, institutional, religious, and cultural factors, we find that over the 1861-1901 period family structure is a driver of the education gender gap, with a higher female to male enrollment rate ratio in upper primary schools being associated with nuclear residential habits and equal partition of inheritance. We also find that only the effect of inheritance rules persists over the 1971-2001 period.

Keywords: education gender gap, Italian Unification, family types, inheritance, institutions, religion, convergence

JEL Classification: E02, H75, I25, J16, N33, O15

Suggested Citation

Bertocchi, Graziella and Bozzano, Monica, Family Structure and the Education Gender Gap: Evidence from Italian Provinces. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8347, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2475315

Graziella Bertocchi (Contact Author)

Università di Modena; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF)

Rome, 00187
Italy

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Monica Bozzano

University of Pavia ( email )

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